In the previous module, we discussed the relationship between the Active Directory(tm), directory structure and network organization.
You now know that the Active Directory Directory Service
enables users to access resources and allows the system administrator to track and locate any object on the network. For an administrator, this has obvious advantages. To use the Windows 2000 Server with maximum effectiveness, you must first understand the architecture of Active Directory.
The physical structure of Active Directory has a direct effect on network traffic, and in particular on network logon and replication. To optimize your network, you need to understand
- the key features and the physical structural components of Active Directory,
- the role of the domain controller,
- and the functions of each of the special types of domain controllers.
At the end of this module, you will be able to:
- Describe the physical structure of Active Directory
- Describe the purpose of defining Active Directory sites
- List the types of domain controllers and the role and function of each
- Describe the function of the global catalog server
- Define the roles of each of the operations masters
- Transfer and seize single master operations roles
The Windows 2000 Directory Service which is a database that contains information about all the objects in a Windows 2000 Domain.
Objects include: Users, Computers, Group: Printers and other objects on the network. The Active Directory is a hierarchical database which is in contrast to the Windows NT 4.0 Flat database structure.
As an administrator, you will need to learn to configure, implement, and manage Active Directory. Let us start by defining the physical structure of Active Directory.