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Lesson 8 Create Connection Object
Objective Create a connection object and a global catalog server

Create Connection object and Global catalog Server

A connection object represents a one-way replication path between two server objects and points to the replication source. Domain controllers that are linked by a connection object are replication partners.
This is the connection object.
This is the connection object.

A global catalog server is a domain controller that stores a copy of and processes queries to the global catalog, which is the repository of information that contains a subset of attributes for all objects in Active Directory. The global catalog server is a necessary component for logon authentication, and allows users to locate objects in the Directory regardless of the physical location of those objects.
This is the global catalog server.
This is the global catalog server.

How to create connection objects

Connection objects are normally created automatically by the Knowledge Consistency Checker[1], or KCC. You have the option of manually creating connection objects if the topology that the KCC creates does not meet the needs of your network. To create connection objects:
  1. Open Active Directory Sites and Services from the Administrative Tools menu.
  2. In the console tree, expand Sites.
  3. Expand the server that you want to receive replication through the connection object, and then click NTDS Settings.
  4. Right-click NTDS Settings, and then click New NT DS Connection.
  5. In the Find Domain Controllers dialog box, click the server that will be the replication source, and then click OK.

How to create a global catalog server

By default, Active Directory creates a single global catalog server per forest. But you may want to create additional global catalog servers in a network with multiple sites so that global catalog queries are not performed across slow (WAN) wide area network[2] links. To create a global catalog server:
  1. Open Active Directory Sites and Services from the Administrative Tools menu.
  2. In the console tree, expand Sites.
  3. Expand the server that you want to become a global catalog server, and then click NTDS Settings.
  4. Right-click NTDS Settings, and then click Properties.
  5. On the General tab, click the Global Catalog Server check box, and then click OK.
[1]Knowledge Consistency Checker (KCC): A built-in service that runs on all domain controllers and automatically establishes connections between individual machines in the same site.
[2]Wide area network (WAN): A network that spans a large geographic area; a WAN generally consists of two or more LANs (local area networks) linked together via phone lines, satellite or other WAN link.