Server roles are designed to help you tune your server to perform a specific task or functionality without adding any unnecessary functionality or security risks to your server. You can set up your server as one of the following roles:
- File Server: Enables Windows to share and manage files. With this role, you can use the NT File System (NTFS) to enable and manage disk usage quotas,
set up the Indexing Service to index your files for faster searches, and search the content of files in various languages and formats.
- Print Server: Enables your server to provide access to and management of printers on your network. You can manage your printers through Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI).
This allows you to use a scripting language like VBScript to automate administrative functions on your printers, such as automatic printer mapping for clients,
which can also be done from a web point-and-click interface that you set up on the print server. In addition, you can use a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to print to printers that are set up on a print server.
- Web Application Server: Enables the server that has Internet Information Services (IIS) 6 set up and configured to host web applications and services.
- Mail Server: Allows you to provide Post Office Protocol 3 (POP3) services to your users.
- Terminal Server: Allows you to remotely connect to your server with Terminal Services. Terminal Services can be used for either remote server administration or for serving terminal sessions to clients.
- Remote Access/VPN Server: Enables you to set up routing and remote access to a variety of clients through Terminal Services, create custom networking solutions,
and use persistent network connections that allow your users to stay connected to your server's resources during long sessions.
- Domain Controller (Active Directory): Lets you maintain all of the logon information of the user , such as the login name and the groups in which a user belongs, and
manages the communication between other domain controllers across your network.