|Lesson 7||Configuring an X startup with .xinitrc|
|Objective||configure X startup with .xinitrc |
Configuring an X startup with .xinitrc
How do you configure X startup with .xinitrc?
The default X configuration is not customized at all.
To make good use of the GUI, you may want certain programs to start as soon as you log in. You might want to open an
xterm or two, an email window, a file browser, or a system resources monitor.
.xinitrc file can be used to control this startup behavior.
When the X server starts, it loads the applications you specify from
.xinitrc, which resides in your home directory.
You may start any application you want by listing its full path followed by an ampersand (
&) on each line of
For example, to start the
xclock application, you simply need a line in your
.xinitrc file such as
/usr/X11R6/bin xclock &.
Of all the applications you start, the last one must be your window manager, which allows you to make your environment user friendly.
Any programs listed after the window manager will not run. The window manager must be the last line in
Unlike the other programs listed in your .xinitrc file, do not include the ampersand after the window manager; if you do, your X session will not run.
The SlideShow below explores a simple
Pay special attention to the seemingly peculiar string that follows the
-g on lines 3 through 6.
Configuring xstartup xinitrc
More information about .xinitrc can be found in the xinit man page. The next lesson concludes this module.