As we discussed earlier, a system that offers many network services needs many server processes listening on many ports. This need creates a substantial load on the system. The internet daemon 
, inetd, provides a mechanism for reducing the number of different listening servers and a central location for controlling network services
To accomplish these goals, the inetd process listens on many ports simultaneously for incoming connections. When a connection arrives at one
of the ports under its control, the inetd process uses the
system calls to
start the specific server process
needed to handle a connection at that well-known port.
For example, suppose that inetd is listening to TCP port 23. When a new connection for port 23 arrives, inetd starts a telnet server process and passes the
incoming connection to this new server process.
The inetd process is controlled by its configuration file /etc/inetd.conf. This file tells inetd how to respond to incoming connections on a given port. A typical line in the /etc/inetd.conf file looks like this: