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Graphical Environment  «Prev  Next»
Lesson 1

Introduction to Configuring the client-side Graphical Environment

There is abundant opportunity to customize the X Windows System GUI. In Redhat Linux, one can configure everything from the X server's graphical login to the finest details of your window manager's window appearance and behavior.
Working with the X server, the window manager allows you to use the interface in an intuitive way. Your choice of window manager determines the GUI's basic behavior, and you may change this behavior through your window manager's configuration.
Because of the X Windows System's client/server model, you can configure your display to show remote X clients running on your X server. You can manipulate X windows running on a machine next door or around the world, even over a modem.

Learning objectives

After completing this module, you will be able to:
  1. Explain how resources are organized into classes
  2. Use the .Xdefaults file to customize the look and feel of X applications
  3. Use the GNOME Display Manager to manage X sessions
  4. Explain the need for a window manager to get the most out of X
  5. List the characteristics of various window managers
  6. Use the GNOME Control Center to select a window manager
  7. Run remote X clients on the local machine
  8. List common X problems and explain how to solve them
The next lesson shows you how resources are organized into classes.



The desktop is the most personal feature of your computer. The way that icons, menus, panels, and backgrounds are arranged and displayed should make it both easy and pleasant to do your work. With Fedora and RHEL, you have an incredible amount of control over how your desktop behaves and how your desktop is arranged. From the initial login screen to the desktop background and screensaver, the latest version of Fedora is sporting distinctive looks for GNOME, KDE, and Xfce desktops, as well as improved efforts for a similar experience between the desktop environments. GNOME and KDE for the main Linux desktops and which one you should use is largely a matter of preference. For machines with less horsepower, the Xfce desktop can be an excellent choice. With each desktop environment, you can get a full set of desktop applications, features for launching applications, and tools for configuring preferences.