Variable Length Subnetting Example
For example, if you receive the Class B network ID 220.127.116.11, you do not want all the machines on the network to belong to that
network ID, since it supports over 65,000 hosts on the same network.
You will want to subnet the network using variable length subnet masks so that it can be segmented into more meaningful and manageable "chunks."
If you want to support about 500 hosts on each subnet, you could take 7 bits of the host ID portion of the IP address and apply
them to the network ID. This would be represented as 18.104.22.168/23. Each subnet created would be characterized by the /23 at the
end of the IP address, denoting how many bits are used to define the network ID portion of the IP address.
If you add new subnets, or remove old ones, the routers and routing protocols must support the use of subnet masks. If you add a
new subnet, such as 22.214.171.124/23 to the network, the router adjacent the subnet must be able to automatically communicate the
availability of this subnet using routing protocols that support VLSM.
This page clarifies issues surrounding subnetting IP networks by providing a standard subnet table. This table includes subnetting
for Class A, B, and C networks, as well as Network IDs, host ranges and IP broadcast addresses with emphasis on Class C subnets.
This memo is intended as an informational companion to Subneting RFC  and the Hosts Requirements RFC .
The growth of networking since the time of STD 5, RFC 950 and STD 3,
RFC 1123 has resulted in larger and more complex network subnetting.
The previously mentioned RFCs comprise the available guidelines for
creating subnetted networks, however they have occassionaly been
misinterpreted leading to confusion regarding proper subnetting.
This document itemizes the potential values for IPv4 subnets.
Additional information is provided for Hex and Decmial values,
classfull equivalants, and number of addresses available within the